About Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)

What Is Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)?

Plaque is cholesterol, fat, or calcium deposits in the arterial wall that limit or prevent blow flow to your legs. In it’s early stages PAD can be asymptomatic, as it advances you will develop pain, aching, or tiredness with exertion relieved with rest in the effected extremity. In the advanced form of Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), this can occur at multiple levels and within multiple vessels in the same extremity, leading to rest pain (pain, cramping, or numbness in the foot when lying flat that is relieved when you put it down), ulceration (painful circular wounds in the foot or lower leg), or gangrene (dark to black discoloration in the toes or foot). This advanced form is called Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI).

Peripheral Vasculature
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Who Is At Risk for Peripheral Arterial Disease?

Adults over age 50 are at risk for PAD. It affects 8 to 12 million people in the United States, especially those over age 50. The risk for PAD increases if you smoke or used to smoke; have diabetes, high blood pressure, and high blood cholesterol; or have a history of vascular disease, heart attack, or stroke.

Those diagnosed with the following conditions are at greater risk:

What Are Symptoms of PAD?

Peripheral Arterial Disease Treatment Options

PAD can be treated using one or a combination of the following options. 

  1. Lifestyle modifications
  2. Medication
  3. Minimally invasive surgical procedures
  4. Early detection and treatment is important to control the PAD disease and allow you a full selection of treatment options

Lifestyle Changes

P.A.D. treatment often includes making long-lasting lifestyle changes. If you have P.A.D., or are aiming to lower your risk, your health care provider may prescribe one or more of the following:

Medication for Peripheral Arterial Disease

In addition to lifestyle modifications, your health care provider may prescribe one or more medications that help:

  • Lower high blood pressure and cholesterol levels and treat diabetes
  • Prevent the formation of blood clots that could cause a heart attack or stroke
  • Help reduce leg pain while walking or climbing stairs
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease Clinical Treatments
  • For people suffering from Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), the buildup of plaque in the arteries of the legs often leads to severe and even debilitating leg pain. When the plaque becomes “calcified,” limited options have been available to successfully treat the problem – until now.

Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatment Options for PAD

Angiograms

Angiograms are minimally invasive diagnostic procedure used to confirm the presence of disease.

Angioplasty

An Angioplasty can be performed at the time of the angiogram and is the expansion of a balloon in the area of the blockage in order to re-establish blood flow.

Stent Placement

Stent Placement

A stent is a small metal mesh tube that may accompany balloon angioplasty that helps the vessel remain open.

Atherectomy

There are many forms and devices, but all Atherectomy allows for the removal of plaque (cholesterol, fat, and calcium deposits) in order to return the elasticity of the blood vessel.

Catching Peripheral Arterial Disease early is important

PAD Patients are at more than 6 times the risk of death from coronary heart disease as those without PAD. If you're experiencing symptoms, see a doctor.

During your initial visit we will:

Important PAD & CLI Facts

Eight million Americans suffer from PAD.

160,000+ amputations occur every year in in U.S. as a result of untreated PAD.

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54% of those amputation patients never even received a diagnostic angiogram.

Created by Olena Panasovska from the Noun Project

Angiograms reduce the odds of amputation by 90%